Just over a quarter of the returned migrants recently interviewed by the Xchange Foundation, would make the journey again.
According to the second part of the recent Niger Report on migration through Agadez, Niger, around 30% of ‘returnees’ or ‘migrants in return’ said they would consider making the journey again despite the risks and consequences.
Fifty three (53) respondents out of 177 interviewed about the topic, told the team that they would like to try their luck going to Libya or to Algeria, with some intending to cross the Mediterranean. Nigeriens made up the largest group of nationalities looking to make the journey again.
A Sudanese Male interviewed said that he’d been in Agadez for a year without any word about receiving a refugee card and the knowledge that his father is ill back home.
‘I have been for one year in Agadez. And I have no news about my refugee card. I suffer in my mind, because all these things are terrorising me. If here I don’t find a solution, I will leave this city to Libya. My father is ill in Sudan. I will go and find work for him to help him. There’s no hope here’
When asked about encouraging others to make the journey, 93% of the female respondents said they would encourage or strictly encourage others, even if the journey resulted in them being returned. It is understood that this encouragement is corroborated with testimonies over the motivations to escape difficulties in their home countries and seek a better future.
Speaking to the team, a Burkinabe woman said that the pursuit of money was encouraging many Burkinabe women to going into prostitution in Algiers.
‘Well, you know, Burkina Faso and Algeria are not the same thing. So, I have to advise the other Burkinabe women to come and get the money because ‘chili pepper’ [slang for being a prostitute] makes money in Algiers. So, they just have to come to make money.’
Despite this large majority of female migrants encouraging the journey, an equally large number of male respondents said they would highly discourage others from travelling to Libya. They describe how the journey is just too risky and the people on it are not to be trusted. Some even say they wish to tell the truth about the journey.
‘All those who want to take the direction of Libya must ‘twist their tongues three times’ before going.’ one Beninese male respondent said.