Priest, catechist accused of ‘forced conversion’ in eastern India

Demonstrators shout slogans as they hold placards during a protest outside Sacred Heart Cathedral in New Delhi, to protest discrimination against Christians. (Credit: Anindito Mukherjee/Reuters via CNS.)

Police in eastern India arrested a priest and catechist on Friday, accusing them of “forceful conversion” and the illegal occupation of land.

Father Benoy John and Munna Hansda work at Rajdaha mission in the Diocese of Bhagalpur in Bihar state. They were arrested in Agiamur, in the neighboring Jharkhand state, but within the boundaries of the diocese. Another priest, Father Arun Vincent, accompanied the two men in custody, but he wasn’t formally arrested and was later free to leave.

The police were acting on a complaint from a villager who accused the priests of exercising constant pressure for the locals to convert to the Christian faith.

“The current dispensation in Jharkhand is very hostile to Christian missionaries, and our services are selectively targeted and harassed,” said Father Alphonse Francis, the former Vicar General of the Diocese of Bhagalpur.

Baseless accusations

He told Crux the current allegations are “baseless and fabricated.”

Christians have been facing increased harassment in the state of Jharkhand since two women affiliated with the Missionaries of Charity, the order of nuns founded by Mother Teresa, were arrested last year after being accused of trying to sell a baby from a shelter for unwed mothers.

The alleged child-selling has drawn criticism from Hindu nationalists of the charitable work done by Christian groups in the country, which they say is done for the purpose of proselytism.

Jharkhand is ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which is affiliated with a Hindu nationalist group and also holds power at the national level.

Christians make up about 4.3 percent of the population of Jharkhand, nearly twice the national average. Most of the Christians belong to the marginalized Tribal community, which are India’s aboriginal people who mostly live outside the caste system.

False propaganda

“Jharkhand wants to target the Christian mission in the state. The majority community uses false propaganda to damage all the health, welfare and educational services of Christians, accusing them without proof of having the goal of converting,” Sajan K. George, president of the Global Council of Indian Christians (GCIC), told AsiaNews, a Catholic news agency.

Francis noted the diocese has had a parish in Rajdaha for over three years, as well as a retreat center.

“This is basically a land issue,” the priest explained to Crux.

“This land was offered to us, as under the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act (SPT), tribal land cannot be transferred or sold to non-tribals,” he said.

“This mission station had no compound wall, there was only a barbed wire around the area. I would like to know what provoked this arrest, never has there been any communal tensions previously. Our retreat center is also used for meetings of the local communities – of all castes and creeds – for self-help groups, and women’s group, and activities for children,” Francis continued.

A local Catholic, Augustine Hembrom, told the Vatican-affiliated Fides news service the Christian population in the area “totally condemn” the arrests.

John Dayal, a Catholic human rights activist and secular leader, told Fides the incident reflects a broader trend in the country.