The 116th Congress of the United States resumed its session on January 3, bringing almost 100 new lawmakers into office, and with Catholics making up nearly 30 percent of the congressional freshman class.
According to the Catholic News Agency, Catholic members account for 28 of the 96 new members of Congress, including newly-elected Republican Senator Mike Braun, the only Catholic freshman in the Senate.
In total, there are 163 Catholics sitting in either the Senate or House of Representatives, a drop of five from the 115th Congress, but still more than 30 percent of the legislature.
Figures from Pew Research, show that the new session sees an end to what had previously been a near even split of Catholic members between the parties in the House of Representatives, with 86 Catholic Democrats now serving alongside 55 Republicans.
Among the newcomers in the House is Republican Pete Stauber a former professional hockey player, police officer, and city councilman. He is the second Catholic to win the seat in seven decades. A married father of four, Stauber campaigned as a defender of life from “conception until natural death” and promised to “always be a strong and constant voice for the right to life.”
Another notable Catholic in Congress is Republican Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez who represents New York’s 14th Congressional District, covering parts of the Bronx and Queens. She is the youngest woman ever elected to Congress at the age of 29.
In June, the day after her electoral success, Ocasio-Cortez published an op-ed in America magazine about how her Catholic faith has inspired her to work on criminal justice reform.
Catholic education also played a role in shaping many members of the new Congress. According to the Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, one out of 10 members of Congress graduated from a Jesuit institution, including 12 Senators and 43 members of the House of Representatives.
The 116th Congress is also one of the most religiously diverse in U.S. history, with the first two Muslim women elected to the House, which has already moved to change procedural rules so that Ilhan Omar, a Democrat from Minnesota can wear her Muslim hijab on the House floor.