Maltese economy shrinking, but nevertheless outperforming EU

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Malta’s economy shrunk by 2.3% in the first quarter of the year when compared to the previous quarter, with only four out of the EU’s 27 member states seeing their GDP increase during the same period.

In spite of this, Malta recorded the second-highest employment growth rate in the EU in the same period, Eurostat figures show. Moreover, strong economic growth during 2019 ensured that Malta’s GDP at the end of March was nevertheless higher than it was 12 months before, Eurostat figures show.

Of course, Malta’s – and the EU’s – economic performance in the subsequent months, which saw the union struggle under pandemic-related restrictions, remains to be seen.

EU economy shrinks by 3.2%

The EU’s seasonally-adjusted GDP contracted by 3.6% in the euro area and 3.2% in the entire EU when compared to the previous quarter.

Despite the arrival of the Covid-19 pandemic during that period, Ireland (1.2%), Bulgaria and Romania (both 0.3%) and Sweden (0.1%) still recorded positive growth.

At the other end of the scale, the highest declines were recorded in France and Italy (both -5.3%), followed closely by Spain and Slovakia (both -5.2%).

Malta’s economic performance puts it in 15th place among the 26 countries for which data was available: no data was available for Luxembourg, the EU’s second-smallest state.

Eurostat figures also show Malta was one of ten countries whose GDP at the end of the first quarter was higher than in the corresponding period of 2019, recording a 0.7% growth over a year.

The highest growth was recorded in Ireland (4.5%), Romania (2.7%), Bulgaria and Lithuania (both 2.4%). Malta was ranked sixth.

Employment grows by 1.3%

When compared to the previous quarter, employment in Malta increased by 1.3%, a rate bested only by Lithuania (1.6%). The largest decreases were recorded in Spain (-1%) and Bulgaria (-0.9%).

Employment in the EU dropped slightly during the same period, by 0.1% in the 27-nation bloc and by 0.2% in the euro area.

Government claims figures vindicate its policy

The figures were positively received by the government, which highlighted that the contraction of Malta’s GDP was lower than the EU average, and that it was nevertheless higher than it was at the end of the first quarter of 2019.

It also welcomed the employment growth registered until the end of March.

Interpreting the figures, the government argued that the statistics showed that countries which had implemented a lockdown had suffered the most, stating that this vindicated the government’s decision not to implement such drastic measures.

It also said that the statistics contradicted claims that Malta had not adequately prepared for the economic impact of the pandemic.