Malta records highest population growth in the EU

Malta has recorded by far the highest population increase in the European Union, statistics published by Eurostat have revealed.

Malta topped the EU’s charts with a population increase of +4.17%, now totalling 514,564, followed by Luxembourg (+1.97%) and Cyprus (+1.37%). According to the National Statistics Office (NSO), the population increase in 2019 was driven by a net migration of 20,343 persons. The largest proportion of net migrants were men, reaching 13,535 against 6,808 female counterparts. 

Persons under the age of 18 made up 16% of the total population, while a further 18% were aged 65 years and over. 

Resident live births registered during 2019 amounted to 4,350 (decrease of 2%), while total resident deaths remained constant compared to last year, amounting to 3,688 persons. Malta continued to have one of the lowest death rates in the EU (0.73%), following only Ireland (0.63%), Cyprus (0.68%) and Luxembourg (0.69%).

On 1 January 2020, the population of the European Union (EU) with 27 Member States was estimated at 447.7 million, down by 12.8% as compared with 513.5 million in 28 Member States on 1 January 2019. This decrease is mainly due to the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (on 1 February 2020), which led the population of the EU to decrease by 13%. The total EU27 population change was positive with 0.9 million more inhabitants during 2019, due to net migration.