In 2018, the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption reached 18.0% in the European Union (EU), up from 17.5% in 2017 and more than double the share in 2004 (8.5%), the first year for which the data are available.
These figures were published by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
Low shares, less than ten percent, were recorded in Malta (8.0%), Luxembourg (9.1%) and Belgium (9.4%). The lowest proportion of renewables was registered in the Netherlands (7.4%).
According to the statistics published by Eurostat, Sweden had by far the highest share in 2018 with more than half (54.6%) of its energy coming from renewable sources, ahead of Finland (41.2%), Latvia (40.3%), Denmark (36.1%) and Austria (33.4%).
Statistics show that 12 Member States have already reached a share equal to or above their national 2020 binding targets: Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Croatia, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Cyprus, Finland and Sweden.
The Netherlands, France, Ireland, the United Kingdom and Slovenia are the furthest away from their targets.
Each EU Member State has its own Europe 2020 target. The national targets take into account the Member States’ different starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance.
The EU’s target is to reach 20% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020 and at least 32% by 2030.