Professor Stephen Fava said that from studies that were being carried out it showed that they took the countries with a record of Type 1 diabetes and found that the furthest away one lives from the sea, the less likely it would be to develop diabetes. He explained that this could probably be related to climate, infection, viruses and a different kind of pollution. He further elaborated that non-local studies also showed that the further away one is from the Equator the more one is like to develop Type 1 diabetes. Fava spoke to Newsbook.com.mt after the National Seminar on diabetes organised by the Malta Association for Diabetes.
Fava spoke about the impact of diabetes on society, explaining that treating complications which arose from diabetes was more expensive than treating the condition itself. He then explained that technology was constantly developing, offering the possibility of constantly monitoring the level of glucose which could be detected before the sugar levels fall, artificial pancreas which would inject insulin continuously and other ongoing experimental studies. Fava emphasised that by investing in new technologies and treatments, it would help both the patients as well as keeping expenses low.
Fava said that it remained important not to isolate people with diabetes and promote healthy lifestyles, saying that alternatives exist and people would gladly choose healthy food.
The professor also said that due to an ageing population the prevalence of diabetes is set to increase, with Type 2 being more common as the population grows older.