Cocaine damaged his brain

A 45-year-old man was admitted to the Accident and Emergency ward at Mater Dei Hospital as the cocaine that he had taken caused him to be in very bad psychological shape.

Ylenia Abdilla, the doctor who took care of this particular patient, published a report on the case in the British Medical Journal (BNJ). Marija Cauchi and Norbert Vella also contributed to the report published in the reputable English medical journal.

According to the report, the 45-year-old man habitually used cocaine. He was taken to Mater Dei Hospital after he fell into a state of confusion. Upon medical examination, it was found that he could not even follow simple actions.

Brain injury

The patient was given treatment for a potential infection in the central nervous system. An MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) revealed brain damage.

His condition turned to the worse and eventually he was put on steroids and his blood plasma was filtered. The man only started showing signs of improvement after two weeks. He was then transferred to a rehabilitation centre.

30/30 in the MMSE test

A year after he was first admitted to Mater Dei, the man got a 30/30 in the mini mental state exam (MMSE), an examination that evaluates the human cognitive function. Doctors also concluded that the patient’s neurological evaluation was normal.

According to the British paper The Sun, Abdilla said that the patient suffered from a disorder that rarely results into a significant disability. She also said that his condition could have been be fatal.

The diagnosis that Abdilla’s team concluded for this specific patient was that of cocaine-induced toxic leukoencephalopathy.

Today, this patient is living a cocaine-free life.